DENMARK is the smallest of the Scandinavian countries, but the kingdom also includes the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark consists of the Jutland peninsula and 406 islands, of which seventy-eight are inhabited. The Danish coast is then extended to 7.314 km, which corresponds to one-sixth of Earth’s circumference. When you are in Denmark, it is impossible to be more than 50 km from the coast. The highest point in Denmark is Møllehøj, which is 170.68 m above sea level.
In 2010 Denmark was found to be once again the happiest country in the world with a population of 5.5 million (the estimate of 2010). About a fifth of the population resides in the capital Copenhagen. The Danish monarchy is one of the oldest in the world and dates back to 958. The Head of State is Queen Margrethe II, who reigned from 1972.
The international profile of Denmark:
Denmark is a country that, in relation to its size, finances more the cooperation in developing PVS countries. Denmark has committed itself, among other things, also with Italy, to peacekeeping and peacebuilding in Afghanistan, the Balkans, the Middle East and Africa. In recent years, Denmark and the Danes have distinguished themselves even in the international sports, but the greatest of memories is winning the European Football Championship in 1992.
The Danish model – the welfare state:
Denmark is probably mostly known abroad for its welfare system. This system is based on the philosophy of NFS Grundtvig (1783-1872) “few people must have too much and fewer too little”. The economic balance of society is achieved through the fees, which are used to redistribute economic resources of which the society enjoys. With this system, Denmark is the third country in the OECD world in terms of minimum income inequality (2007). There is a delicate balance between the development of capitalism and the establishment of a network of security as a safety net in the last resort for citizens who cannot do it alone.
These factors make Denmark the country with the highest tax burden in the world. But one third of the tax revenue is transferred back in the pockets of citizens, since the public sector constitutes 35.4% of all jobs (2007). In addition, health care and education are free and – believe it or no t- young people are supported to complete their university studies. In this way, citizens feel they really get something concrete from the taxes they pay.
The labour market is organized in a very free and easy way for employers to hire and fire employees. The system is adjusted so that it can easily adapt to the economic. trends. This social system means that the average period of employment in Denmark is only 4.8 years (2007) and indeed is the lowest among OECD countries. If an employee loses his job, you certainly cannot say that the employee in question is left alone, or rather precisely because of the safety net present in Denmark, the new unemployed has secured the financial support. Also in the period in which the unemployed is looking for work, there are many opportunities that the subject can grasp, for example the possibility to continue his studies.
Greenland and the Faroe Islands:
These two islands are part of the kingdom of Denmark. But they are autonomous, respectively from 1948 and 1979. Although Denmark, an EU member state, these two islands belong to it. Both islands have two seats in the Danish parliament, the so.- called Folketinget.
The Danish women have the highest percentage of employment, with 73.7% (2007), against 79.8 for men. This high participation in the labour market is also given to gender equality through the coordination of the family, with an efficient child care service that allows both parents to work 37 hours per week without having to worry about any babysitter. 96.1% of Danish children between 3 and 5 years attend the child care institutions. Danish women have won the right to vote in 1915, but already in 1908 could vote in elections
The Danish royal family is the oldest of all Europe. Its origins date back to before the year 1000. The head of the royal family is Queen Margrethe II (born 1940). The role of the royal family is a thin red line that runs through all the changes in a neutral government. The royal family, who is Lutheran, refrain from political statements.
In the Danish alphabet there are three more letters compared to other alphabets: æ, ø and å. Despite being a country of small size, the dialects are very different. A curious thing is that in our language to form certain words, we must put others together so as to form words sometimes so long that it seems almost absurd, for example, the word “Speciallægepraksisplanlægningsstabiliseringsperiode” which is the longest used in official documents.
The Danish soil has been inhabited for more than 120,000 years, but the first sign of the presence of human life dates back to 12,500 B.C.
Architecture and Design:
Among the Danish architects, the best known is probably Jørn Utzon, architect of the Sydney. Opera House But do not forget Johan Otto von Spreckelsen, who designed the Grande Arche in Paris. Arne Jacobsen instead is known for its furniture and architecture of the buildings of Oxford University. In addition, the building of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Saudi Arabia has been designed by Danish architect Henning Larsen, who is also creator of the Massar Children;s Discovery Center.
Danish design has always been in search of quality and innovation that is confirmed by big names such as Georg Jensen, Bang og Olufsen and Jacob Jensen Poul Henningsen. Hans J. Wegner, however, can be considered the father of design in terms of furniture, among other things has designed the furniture in the United Nations Security Council
Art and culture:
Among the leading names in the literature we can cite first of all, Hans Christian Andersen, then there are Ludvig Holberg, Johannes V. Jensen (Nobel laureate) and of course Karen Blixen. While philosophers Søren Kierkegaard is one of the world best known, are as well known Carl Nielsen and Svend Asmussens regarding the music scene. About music, we can not forget Victor Borge, who in addition to his exceptional musical talent, was known as an “all round entertainer-
As for the cinema, Denmark has produced a series of star director Bille August, Oscar winner for best foreign film in 1988, Lars Von Trier, Susanne Bier, who won the Oscar for best foreign film in 2011 Gabriel Axel, Oscar winner for best foreign film in 1987 and finally Nicolas Winding Refn. The style called. ”Dogma”; was born in Denmark and has meant that the focus of the film is addressed to the Danish film production. In addition also many Danish actors interpret roles in foreign films, among them we can mention Viggo Mortensen, who played Aragon in tThe Lord of the Rings’ Mads Mikkelsen, we’ve seen in the movie ;’ Casino Royal ‘ in the role of the villain and finally Connie Nielsen , known for his participation in the movie ‘The Gladiator’; and ‘ Brothers.’
Even the TV series are getting great success abroad, reaching a series of prizes to win. The last to win a Baffa as best foreign TV series ”Forbrydelsen” (‘ the crime’ ) was also nominated twice for an ‘ Emmy’ .
The Royal Ballet is known throughout the world. Children begin to dance at the dance school of the Theatre Royal at the age of 7 years, the dance school also works as a normal school.
The Royal Ballet was founded by August Bournonville (1805-1879), who managed to give the school an international reputation.
As for the visual arts we can cite Bertel Thorvaldsen, which is also managed to make a name in Italy, especially in Rome where you can admire the statues in the church of S. Peter. We can also appoint the Skagen painters and Fyn, such as Asger Jorn (1914-1973).
Not least is the Queen Margrethe II, who has repeatedly proved her artistic talent.